Tour Locations | Liverpool History and Culture: From the Past to the Present
The removal of the pool
In a hundred metres or so, watch for the taxi rank on your left.
The transformation of Liverpool from a small town to the large city you see today begins in 1700 when the British Parliament granted Liverpool shipping licences to operate the Transatlantic slave trade. The period until the trade's abolition in 1807, is considered by many as the darkest in the city's history. The unedifying trade was, however, the catalyst for the transformation of Liverpool's fortunes and growth to become one of the world's leading sea ports.
In 1700, ships anchored in the Mersey to load and unload cargo. With the number of slave ships rising, Liverpool merchants were determined to create a much quicker and safer system. The result was the world's first wet dock. The pool was filled in and the dock (which no longer exists) opened in 1715. From then on, until abolition, Liverpool dominated the slave trade. I'll tell you more about the domination at our next stop, Sir Thomas St. coming up on your right.