• LOCATION 72 | The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost

    On Highway 50/CR 114

    Okay, you should still be on the highway continuing straight, just as you've been traveling.

    Currently we're heading south, and at the southern tip of Tule Lake stands a major lava flow, today the Lava Beds National Monument, administered by the National Park Service. The Monument measures thirty-five miles north to south, and twenty-five miles east to west. And within it, was what came to be known as Captain Jack's stronghold - a natural stone fortress made out of lava tubes and caves that you will get to see later on this journey. The Stronghold was bordered by Tule Lake to the north. To the south of the Stronghold was no-man's land. The only way to reach the Stronghold was from the east and west sides.

    Captain Jack knew the stronghold would be a wicked enemy of the army. Then, my great-grandfather showed up unexpectedly at the Stronghold, bringing with him the Hot Creek women, children and warriors. This brought the number of Captain Jack's fighting men to somewhere between 55 and 60 warriors - a 25% increase in soldiers which, I believe, gave Captain Jack greater confidence to fight. Looking back, I wonder what would have happened if that drunk settler had just stayed home that night. Would Captain Jack still have gone to war?

The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost