• LOCATION 20 | The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost

    Crossing School Zone

    Speaking of youth, you are currently entering a school zone. Make sure to slow and watch for people crossing the road. Then continue straight.

    By 1864, the Modoc dilemma reached a crescendo. Land owners, led in part by the two Jesses, concluded that the only way to avoid conflict was to get the Modoc out entirely. An official treaty - the Treaty of 1864 - was signed by Old Schonchin and provided for the Modoc to go to the reservation near Fort Klamath. They would share the Klamath Reservation with the Klamaths and the Yahooskin band of Snake Indians. The only problem was, the Modoc and Klamath were historic enemies, and the relationship with the Yahooskin wasn't much better.

    You should now have passed under the railroad pass.

    It was also around this time that another Modoc emerged, destined to stand out in Modoc history above all others. His name was Keintpoos, translated as "Having-the-Waterbrash." But it's his English name that people remember. Captain Jack.

    Unlike some of the other Modoc, Captain Jack spoke no English, so everything we know about him has been translated through the ears and words of others. But during the first years on the Klamath Reservation, a disagreement broke out between Captain Jack and Old Schonchin . Old Schonchin wished to stay on the reservation, but Captain Jack wouldn't stand for it. So he, along with Schonchin John as his second in command, led a small group of Modocs off the reservation. They traveled back home, directly to the area where you're currently driving. For four years they made a life along the Lost River, until a commissioner named Alfred Meacham convinced Captain Jack and Schonchin John that the government would finally honor the Treaty and protect the Modoc.

The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost