Tour Locations | The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost
LOCATION 14 | The Modoc War: A Homeland Lost
Continue On 6th
You should now be on 6th street, passing a Kentucky Fried Chicken on your right. You're going to continue on this street for a little over 2 miles and through several stoplights. Just stay in the right lane and keep driving straight until I tell you to turn.
Modoc conflict with white settlers wasn't new. The earliest non-Indians, the fur trappers, brought smallpox with them. Like other Native Americans, the Modoc had no immunity and died in great numbers. Some groups lost 25 to 50 percent of their people, others were wiped out completely. Limited resources and a continual flow of new immigrants through Modoc territory via the Applegate Trail - a trail promoted by Jesse Applegate and his brother as an alternate route to Oregon - finally led the Modocs to attack a wagon train in 1852 at a place called Bloody Point.
Keep driving. We'll pass Bloody Point on our route today, which I promise to point out to you.
During that attack, there were an estimated 60-80 settlers killed, giving the Modocs a reputation forever after. They were also commonly blamed for raids carried out by other tribes. Many white settlers just wanted them gone.
But it was a horrifying incident in November, 1852 that vividly shaped the Modoc understanding of war - and peace - with the white man -- and truly set them on course for the Modoc War twenty years later.