The Development of the Walled City
Turn left and continue following the road as it curves around the shoreline, to the right.
I'll tell you about the origins of the city's medieval walls.
The Normans invaded Ireland in 1169 and began to conquer Ireland, making the Gaelic Irish kings submit to them. A Norman baron, named William De Burgo arrived in the west and laid siege to the Dun or fort under the protection of the Irish King Turlough O Connor at the mouth of the River Corrib. The Normans captured it and drove the Irish clans out. His son, Walter was granted murage by Edward 1st with a stipulation that he must subdue the Irish. The area of Eyre Square was cleared to form a killing zone and a formidable wall system with a perimeter of 1.3km at its zenith. It must be noted that French was the language in use behind the walls for the first 150 years and for several hundred years, the entrance of the native Irish was restricted. During the Georgian era, the city expanded beyond the medieval walls, south towards the docks. This coincided with the Napoleonic Wars when Ireland began exporting barrelled beef, pork, and butter to armies fighting in Europe and to the newly established British colonies.
Follow the road round to your right.